Surface Temperature Field Campaign 2011

Where’s all of the snow.
Doesn’t look like there will be much snow any time soon. This year is so different than last year. Last year during the Christmas break, my kids and I made an ice rink in the back yard. We skated every day during the break. This year, temperatures are in the upper 30s to near 50 F (3-10 C) every day. We aren’t close to being able to have ice. Why is it so warm; I don’t know. This is a La Nina year. The Toledo area is suppose to be at the boundary between the cold air to the north and warm air to the south. This is what has occurred. Many storms have tracked over the area. They form in Colorado and the mountains in the southwestern US and track towards the Great Lakes. So far, most of the storms have brought rain, record amounts of rain.
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Ida Middle School has entered its data for the first time. Thanks Mr. Sinclair. Lakewood Academy has reported a little snow in spots. That’s about it.

Here is a map of the schools that have participated so far in the field campaign in the eastern US and Great Lakes (using My World GIS).
Screen shot 2011-12-21 at 8.33.49 PM

Day 15
Time sure is passing fast with the field campaign. We have completed the third week. I got back from San Francisco Tuesday night and have been trying to catch up from then. On Wednesday I went to Rhodes State College in Lima, Ohio. I presented to high school students from the area about remote sensing, Ridgemont, Wayneseboro and Miller City, Ohio. I titled it “Is Big Brother Watching?” It was a catchy title. I talked about how to observe things in remotely sensed images. We used Google Maps and the students loved looking at the Street View in Google Maps. It is freaky to see people walking down the street.

There isn’t a lot of snow in the US right now or Europe for that matter. It is a lot different than last year. There is a storm that is going to give snow to New Mexico into Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma panhandle and Eastern Colorado. By the time the system gets to the Great Lakes it will weaken and also be mostly too warm for snow.
nsm_depth_2011121905_National
cursnow_asiaeurope16

I visited Ida Middle School on Friday and worked with six classes of students. The students were great. It was pretty cold so it was a bit of work to be outside for any length of time to take surface temperature measurements. Most of the students did not wear winter jackets or had very thin ones. I guess this is a trend with students. I don’t understand it because I didn’t have a good winter coat when I was in eighth grade. It was pretty thin and had holes in to. I think it affected me because now I have something like 6 winter jackets. I have worked with Mr. Sinclair’s classes for four years now and really enjoy it. Mr. Sinclair hopes to get the students’ data into the computer in the next few days.

There are now 921 observations from 31 schools. There are a couple new schools that have joined the field campaign: John Marshall High School in Glendale, WV (hi Kim and students), New Rochelle, NY and Montague High School in New Jersey (hi Mrs. Goyette and her class).

Roswell Kent Middle School, Akron, OH, US [118 rows]
III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [4 rows]
Chartiers-Houston Jr./Sr. High School, Houston, PA, US [35 rows]
Cloverleaf High School, Lodi, OH, US [72 rows]
The Morton Arboretum Youth Education Dept., Lisle, IL, US [2 rows]
Shafi’i Secondary School, Rejal Alma-a, SA [7 rows]
Gimnazjum No 7 Jana III Sobieskiego, Rzeszow, PL, PL [12 rows]
Penta Career Center, Perrysburg, OH, US [27 rows]
Brazil High, Brazil Village, TT, TT [33 rows]
Westchester Area School, New Rochelle, NY, US
Kilingi-Nomme Gymnasium, Parnumaa, 67, EE [8 rows]
Montague Elementary School, Montague, NJ, US [3 rows]
National Presbyterian School, Washington, DC, US [19 rows]
GLOBE Program Office – International Division, Tyler, TX, US [46 rows]
Deer Park Middle Magnet School, Randallstown, MD, US [10 rows]
Wauseon Middle School, Wauseon, OH, US [20 rows]
Huntington High School, Huntington, WV, US [292 rows]
Lakewood Catholic Academy, Lakewood, OH, US [38 rows]
Musselman High School, Inwood, WV, US [9 rows]
Bellefontaine High School, Bellefontaine, OH, US [27 rows]
Taaksi Basic School, Viljandi, EE [12 rows]
Highlands Elementary School, Naperville, IL, US [8 rows]
Menlo Park Academy, Cleveland, OH, US [18 rows]
Wildwood Middle School, Shenandoah Junction, WV, US [7 rows]
John Marshall High School, Glendale, WV, US [18 rows]
Elementary School No 247, Warszawa, MZ, PL [5 rows]
Birchwood School, Cleveland, OH, US [10 rows]
Jerusalem Elementary School, Curtice, OH, US [9 rows]
Eastwood Middle School, Pemberville, OH, US [15 rows]
The University Of Toledo, Toledo, OH, US [12 rows]
Main Street School, Norwalk, OH, US [24 rows]

Dr. C

Day 8
I am learning a lot at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting in San Francisco that I am attending. I presented my poster (shown in the picture below) yesterday. Poster sessions are the main way that the scientists present. There are just too many presentations for everyone to give an oral presentation. I’m fine doing a poster. It gives me a chance to talk to people in depth. The hard part is that I have to stand for 4 hours straight and I’m not used to standing that long.

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Also, I ran into Jackie Kane who is a Physics teacher from St. Ursula Academy in Toledo, Ohio. She was presenting her Teacher at Sea experience that she had this past summer. She said it was a great experience to be on the ship out in the Pacific Ocean taking sea floor cores.

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We’ve had 628 observations from 28 schools. The field campaign keeps going well. Huntington High School has set the bar high with 232 observations. Roswell-Kent Middle school is close behind with 84 (close is relative here). Cloverleaf High School has a close 72 observations…. Keep up the great work. Each of your schools could do an extensive research study by itself. What research questions might you want to answer with this data?

Roswell Kent Middle School, Akron, OH, US [84 rows]
III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [4 rows]
Chartiers-Houston Jr./Sr. High School, Houston, PA, US [20 rows]
Cloverleaf High School, Lodi, OH, US [72 rows]
Shafi’i Secondary School, Rejal Alma-a, SA [2 rows]
Gimnazjum No 7 Jana III Sobieskiego, Rzeszow, PL, PL [12 rows]
Penta Career Center, Perrysburg, OH, US [4 rows]
Brazil High, Brazil Village, TT, TT [18 rows]
Kilingi-Nomme Gymnasium, Parnumaa, 67, EE [2 rows]
National Presbyterian School, Washington, DC, US [12 rows]
GLOBE Program Office – International Division, Tyler, TX, US [24 rows]
Deer Park Middle Magnet School, Randallstown, MD, US [10 rows]
Wauseon Middle School, Wauseon, OH, US [4 rows]
Huntington High School, Huntington, WV, US [232 rows]
Lakewood Catholic Academy, Lakewood, OH, US [20 rows]
Musselman High School, Inwood, WV, US [6 rows]
Bellefontaine High School, Bellefontaine, OH, US [13 rows]
Taaksi Basic School, Viljandi, EE [5 rows]
Highlands Elementary School, Naperville, IL, US [6 rows]
Menlo Park Academy, Cleveland, OH, US [10 rows]
Wildwood Middle School, Shenandoah Junction, WV, US [7 rows]
John Marshall High School, Glendale, WV, US [8 rows]
Elementary School No 247, Warszawa, MZ, PL [5 rows]
Birchwood School, Cleveland, OH, US [10 rows]
Jerusalem Elementary School, Curtice, OH, US [2 rows]
Eastwood Middle School, Pemberville, OH, US [8 rows]
The University Of Toledo, Toledo, OH, US [12 rows]
Main Street School, Norwalk, OH, US [16 rows]

There are still only a handful of schools that have observed any snow so far this year. You can see the different storm tracks by tracing the pattern of the snow. The last storm moved up the east coast and produced snow over the Appalachian Mountains moving from near North Carolina up into New England. Last year, the situation was much different. Snow cover in the United States is making stripes whereas in previous years the snow cover is more continuous. But, there are other places in the deep south that have snow this year that did not have it last year.

source: http://nsidc.org/snow compare

Day 7
I have arrived in San Francisco to attend the American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting. It is held every year in San Francisco. There should be about 18,000 geophysical scientists here presenting their research. I will be presenting my poster on getting scientists involved with working with K-12 teachers and students. So far I have found that many scientists are willing to work with students and teachers but many of them do not know how to do it. And, to some degree, it is hard to convince the scientists that there are educational approaches that will help them work with students and teachers.

Monday night it snowed at my house in southern Michigan near Toledo, Ohio. It was a surprise snow of about 7 cm. The forecast was for rain and possibly turning to a little snow, but the cold air came in faster than the meteorological models predicted. The roads were pretty slippery for a while. This is a picture of our garden (yes with a tree in the middle of it) and across to our neighbors’ driveways.
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There is a storm moving up the east coast of the US that is forecast to produce some snow away from the coast. And, there will be colder air moving into the Great Lakes Thursday and Friday that will produce lake effect snow near Cleveland, Ohio.

Here is an interesting satellite image from the GOES (Geostationary Operation Environmental Satellite). Notice the white swath through western Kansas, Nebraska and northwest Iowa. What do you think caused it? How can you tell?
snow

We now have 560 observations from 27 schools in the field campaign. The campaign as sent the total number of surface temperature observations since the protocols inception to over 300,000. Great job. I’ll try to write more tomorrow about the observations.

Day 6
The field campaign is really going well. We are up to 25 schools entering data with 450 observations taken so far. Today it rained all day in Toledo, Ohio. I got pretty wet taking observations. Some of you posted comments in your observations noting the same.

I video conferenced with Mrs. Clark’s class at John Marshall High School in Glendale, West Virginia on Friday. It was a lot of fun. The students and I talked about climate change trying to focus on opinions versus facts.

The Shafi’i Secondary School in Saudi Arabia has joined the campaign.
I wanted to say a special “Hi” to Mrs. Kouri at Highlands Elementary School from Naperville, Illinois. I love the projects that the students did a couple years ago.


III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [4 rows]
Chartiers-Houston Jr./Sr. High School, Houston, PA, US [4 rows]
Cloverleaf High School, Lodi, OH, US [36 rows]
Shafi’i Secondary School, Rejal Alma-a, SA [2 rows]
Gimnazjum No 7 Jana III Sobieskiego, Rzeszow, PL, PL [12 rows]
Penta Career Center, Perrysburg, OH, US [4 rows]
Brazil High, Brazil Village, TT, TT [15 rows]
Kilingi-Nomme Gymnasium, Parnumaa, 67, EE [2 rows]
National Presbyterian School, Washington, DC, US [12 rows]
GLOBE Program Office – International Division, Tyler, TX, US [18 rows]
Deer Park Middle Magnet School, Randallstown, MD, US [10 rows]
Huntington High School, Huntington, WV, US [175 rows]
Lakewood Catholic Academy, Lakewood, OH, US [16 rows]
Musselman High School, Inwood, WV, US [3 rows]
Bellefontaine High School, Bellefontaine, OH, US [9 rows]
Taaksi Basic School, Viljandi, EE [5 rows]
Highlands Elementary School, Naperville, IL, US [6 rows]
Menlo Park Academy, Cleveland, OH, US [10 rows]
John Marshall High School, Glendale, WV, US [8 rows]
Elementary School No 247, Warszawa, MZ, PL [5 rows]
Birchwood School, Cleveland, OH, US [8 rows]
Eastwood Middle School, Pemberville, OH, US [8 rows]
The University Of Toledo, Toledo, OH, US [10 rows]
Main Street School, Norwalk, OH, US [9 rows]

Days 4 and 5
I am really pleased with the participation in the surface temperature field campaign. Through 5 days of observation, 324 observations have been posted to the GLOBE website from 20 schools. See the list below. It is great to see so many returning teachers and schools.

Nice to see your observations Mr. Lopatka (Naperville, IL). How is your hockey team? My team won 5-1 this past week. It was a rare win for us.
Hi Mr. Pop from Chartiers-Houston Jr. High in Pennsylvania. Penta Career Center has added data. Hi Mr. Wyandt, thanks for joining in. Hi Mr. Versele from Bellefontaine High School in Ohio. Thanks for taking part again. Hi Mrs. Brown from Birchwood School. Mr. Sharpe’s students at Huntington High School in WV have submitted the most data by far, 146 observations. Roswell-Kent Middle School in Akron, Ohio has the second highest number of observations with 50. The highest temperature goes to Brazil High School in Trinidad and Tobago, 51.1 C (124 F). That is really hot. Huntington High School had the lowest temperature with -6.1 C. None of the schools have observed snow. I think that will change next week or the week after as it gets colder.

I took a look at data that I have collected. Looking at the asphalt parking lot versus the grass in front of my building, the asphalt is always warmer. That is not always the case, but for the 4 days that I took observations, it was.

UT

If you are having trouble getting your data into the GLOBE website, let me know. You can post a message here or send me an email. kevin.czajkowski@utoledo.edu

Here is a map of the location of the schools that have submitted data so far. There are three schools in Poland and one in Estonia that have started to participate as well. You can see in the map that one of the schools has put in the wrong latitude and longitude. The school appears to be in the Atlantic Ocean but there are no GLOBE schools participating in the ocean.

map

Roswell Kent Middle School, Akron, OH, US [50 rows]
III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [4 rows]
Chartiers-Houston Jr./Sr. High School, Houston, PA, US
Gimnazjum No 7 Jana III Sobieskiego, Rzeszow, PL, PL [6 rows]
Penta Career Center, Perrysburg, OH, US [4 rows]
Brazil High, Brazil Village, TT, TT [12 rows]
GLOBE Program Office – International Division, Tyler, TX, US [15 rows]
Deer Park Middle Magnet School, Randallstown, MD, US [10 rows]
Huntington High School, Huntington, WV, US [146 rows]
Lakewood Catholic Academy, Lakewood, OH, US [10 rows]
Musselman High School, Inwood, WV, US [2 rows]
Bellefontaine High School, Bellefontaine, OH, US [9 rows]
Taaksi Basic School, Viljandi, EE [5 rows]
Highlands Elementary School, Naperville, IL, US [6 rows]
Menlo Park Academy, Cleveland, OH, US [10 rows]
Elementary School No 247, Warszawa, MZ, PL
Birchwood School, Cleveland, OH, US [8 rows]
Eastwood Middle School, Pemberville, OH, US [8 rows]
The University Of Toledo, Toledo, OH, US [8 rows]
Main Street School, Norwalk, OH, US [9 rows]

As you can see in the maps below, there is not a lot of snow in the United States or in Europe. Most of the snow in the US is in the mountain areas.

nsm_depth_2011120205_National

There isn’t any snow in Poland or Estonia.
cursnow_asiaeurope

There are going to be at least one more storm move out of Colorado toward the east next week. Hopefully, that will give some snow to the Great Lakes region.

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Day 3
The Toledo area got a little snow last night, about 1 cm. Most of it melted away this morning because the sun came out. The grassy area I do my observations in was really wet. I got a little muddy. I can see from the comments students are leaving that many of you got muddy as well. That’s what field work can be like.

Five more schools have entered data for a total of 182 observations.

Here is a picture of one of my students taking the surface temperature of the Ottawa River last week. He was very careful not to fall into the river.
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Here is a picture of my house this afternoon. Notice that there is still some snow on the ground. The snow did not melt that was shadowed by the house.
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You can see in the following surface map and forecast map for Sunday night that a storm will be moving from Colorado to the Great Lakes. The snow will be staying to the northwest of Ohio and Michigan though. A large high pressure system will start to build into the US from Canada bringing much colder weather into the US. The high pressure system should increase the chances of snow for some schools in the field campaign to get snow next week.

sfc_map

98fwbgus

Day 2
The slow moving low pressure system is doing exactly what it was forecast to do. There was over two inches of rain in a large area of the mid-western United States. There was an unusually early snowfall in Arkansas, Missouri, and Tennessee. I heard that students were taking observations in the rain today. That is dedication. Now the system is producing up to 10 inches (25 cm) of snow.

I know that many schools have taken data yesterday and today but they have not put it into the GLOBE database yet. Please put it in as soon as possible. I’ll take a look at it and let you know if there are any problems that I notice. Be sure to have your students use Universal Time. This is the most common mistake the is made when taking the observations.

We are up to 10 schools and the GLOBE program office in Texas with a total of 115 observations. Nice to see your observations Mrs. Stough from Eastwood Middle School. Mrs. Martinez from Deer Park Middle Magnet in Maryland, I really like your students’ comments. Mr. Sharpe from Huntington, WV, how did you get your students to take so many observations, 65. That’s an impressive amount of observations. It’s great to see observations from Brazil High School in Trinidad and Tobago.

Roswell Kent Middle School, Akron, OH, US [13 rows]
III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [4 rows]
Gimnazjum No 7 Jana III Sobieskiego, Rzeszow, PL, PL [5 rows]
Brazil High, Brazil Village, TT, TT [3 rows]
GLOBE Program Office – International Division, Tyler, TX, US [3 rows]
Deer Park Middle Magnet School, Randallstown, MD, US [10 rows]
Huntington High School, Huntington, WV, US [65 rows]
Lakewood Catholic Academy, Lakewood, OH, US [4 rows]
Bellefontaine High School, Bellefontaine, OH, US [4 rows]
Eastwood Middle School, Pemberville, OH, US [2 rows]
The University Of Toledo, Toledo, OH, US [2 rows]

Day 1
We are kicking off another GLOBE surface temperature field campaign. I am very excited to have more schools than ever involved.

Some of the first schools to enter data were Roswell Kent Middle School in Akron, Ohio. Hi Mr. Frantz. Also, Main Street School in Norwalk. Hi Mrs. Burns.

I want to remind everyone, please use Celsius and also make sure that you use the correct Universal Time.

As you may know, I love snow. And, through the field campaign, I am interested in how snow cover affects surface temperature. You may have noticed that this year there is not much snow it either the United States or Europe yet.

nsm_depth_2011112805_National
Source; http://www.nohrsc.noaa.gov/nsa/

cursnow_asiaeurope
Source: http://www.natice.noaa.gov/ims/

AMS Surface Map from November 28, 2011 18 Z
sfc_map28

AMS Forecast Map for November 30, 2011
96fwbgus

N_bm_extent_hires
source: http://nsidc.org/

20111102_Figure3

2011 GLOBE Surface Temperature Field Campaign

Get ready for the GLOBE Surface Temperature Field Campaign. It will be held from November 28 to December 23, 2011. We encourage classes to take surface temperature observations of at least two cover types so that the students can see the difference that land cover and use make on the surface temperature measurements.

For resources, go to the GLOBE website.
The GLOBE teacher’s guide has the how’s and what’s about the surface temperature protocol.

http://classic.globe.gov/fsl/html/templ.cgi?measpage&lang=en&nav=1

The data sheets can be found off of this website.

http://classic.globe.gov/tctg/sectionAndChildren.jsp?sectionId=285