Big snow storm across Europe

This past weekend there was a large snowstorm across Europe. Great Britain had significant snow and it was early too according to the following article:

In Toledo, Ohio today, it was quite warm and there was a strong wind from the south. The cold front went through at about 3 pm and the temperature started to fall. By 7 pm, I noticed wet snow falling. We are expecting highs near 32 F (0 C) over the next few days with a chance of snow especially on Sunday. We shall see. There is certainly a stormy weather pattern across the US and Europe. That is most likely due to the Atlantic Ocillation being in the negative phase. That means that there is a ridge in the upper atmospheric flow over the Northern Atlantic.

Schools that have entered data so far, 13 in all.
Roswell Kent Middle School, Akron, OH, US [18 rows]
III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [10 rows]
Peebles High School, Peebles, OH, US [8 rows]
Burlington County Institute Of Technology, Medford, NJ, US [2 rows]
Brazil High, Brazil Village, TT, TT [3 rows]
Hersom Homeschool, Gerrardstown, WV, US
Kilingi-Nomme Gymnasium, Parnumaa, 67, EE [12 rows]
National Presbyterian School, Washington, DC, US [2 rows]
West Union Elementary School, West Union, OH, US [2 rows]
Lakewood Catholic Academy, Lakewood, OH, US [4 rows]
McTigue Middle School, Toledo, OH, US
The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, US [2 rows]
Main Street School, Norwalk, OH, US [6 rows]

Mr. Frantz’s students from Roswell-Kent Middle School in Akron, OH have taken the most observations so far. It is nice to see so many returning schools. Mrs. Burns from Main Street School in Norwalk, OH has had her students take observations for many years. Mrs. Choma from McTigue Middle School in Toledo, Ohio has had students do well in the STELLITES virtual conference for the last two years. Mrs. McGuire from Lakewood Catholic Academy in Ohio had her students look at the effects of Lake Erie on surface temperature last year. Two years ago, I visited the National Presbyterian School in Washington, DC to present students from Mrs. Glass’s class 1st, 2nd and 3rd places in the virtual conference in 2009. It is great to see Mr. Ali’s students’ taking observations from Brazil High School in Trinidad and Tobago. As you might imagine, they had the warmest temperatures with surface temperatures of 33 C (about 90 F). The students at III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47 in Bydgoszcz, Poland who observed a surface temperature of -26.3 C (-15 F). I don’t know if the students in Fairbanks, Alaska are participating this year, but they would be seeing temperatures that are even lower than this.

The amazing part is that all of the observations so far have been in Celsius and have had the correct universal time. That is great.

Snow Update
Imagery from the National Ice Center in the US show that much of the Northern Hemisphere north of 45 degrees north is covered by snow. Why do I care about snow so much? Well, it changes the albedo (the reflectance) of the surface. On average, the albedo is about 17% when there isn’t snow. But, when there is snow, the albedo can be up to 90%. That is a big differnce. The higher albedo means that more sunlight is reflected back to space which will cool tempertures down (called a positive feedback).




This website shows the depth of snow over the United States. I’m showing you all of my favorite websites. You can see that many areas in the western United States have up to several feet (10s of cm) of snow on the ground. I think over the next week that we will see snow start to fill in Wisconsin, Michigan and New York. Maybe snow wil occur in Ohio as well.


Hey, if you have something to say about your participation in the field campaign, post a comment.
Dr. C

The GLOBE Surface Temperature Field Campaign Starts Today

Today is the start of the GLOBE Surface Temperature Field Campaign. In Toledo, it is a nice fall day. It is pretty sunnn but with some clouds. It will be a nice day to start the observations.
Already today, 5 schools have entered data. Yeah. I have to get outside later today to get some observations too. The schools in Europe got snow over the weekend with up to 62 mm of snow at the Kilingi-Nomme Gymnasium, Parnumaa Estonia. Roswell-Kent Middle school students commented that it was cold out this morning.

Roswell Kent Middle School, Akron, OH, US [8 rows]
III Liceum A. Mickiewicza and Gimnazjum No. 47, Bydgoszcz, PL, PL [4 rows]
Hersom Homeschool, Gerrardstown, WV, US
Kilingi-Nomme Gymnasium, Parnumaa, 67, EE [6 rows]
Main Street School, Norwalk, OH, US [2 rows]

Keep up the good work. I’ll be making blog postings throughout the next 3 weeks. Dr. C


2010 Surface Temperature Field Campaign

November 20, 2010 by  
Filed under Surface Temperature Field Campaign

GLOBE Surface Temperature Field Campaign
November 29 to December 22, 2010

The SATELLITES Program in conjunction with GLOBE will host the annual surface temperature field campaign from November 29 to December 22, 2010. This is a great opportunity to work as a community with schools around the world on a common research project. Given the stnowstorm out west and the very cold air coming into the lower 48 of the US, it’s possible that many GLOBE schools will have snow for the field campaign. That just makes it that much more fun.

Questions? Contact Kevin Czajkowski, 419-530-4274,

I will be blogging during the field campaign about the weather and also the student data. You won’t want to miss it. The blog is located at:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Are Our Cities Warming the Earth?
I was part of a team who a lesson using GLOBE surface temperature data to explore the urban heat island effect. In the lesson, My World GIS is used to analyze the student data. Here is an opportunity to analyze your data if you have had your students participate in the surface temperature field campaign in the past.

SATELLITES Students Invited to the White House Science Fair
Three students and their teacher, Melody Tspranis, from Toledo Public School’s Woodward High School were invited to the White House today to attend the White House Science Fair. The students are Tiffine Guindon, Tazhianna Dean, Alexandria Carey from Woodward High School. Alexandria Carey now is a student at Rossford High School. The students were chosen to represent NASA and the GLOBE program at the White House.

Again this school year, we are planning a SATELLITES K-12 Conference for April 2011 in the Toledo area. But, for those of you who are not able to make the face-to-face conference, we will have a SATELLITES K-12 Virtual Conference where students can submit their projects as videos to a website like This is a great opportunity for your students to show off their research.

Permafrost Opportunity for teachers

November 17, 2010 by  
Filed under NASA, Related Topics

Are you interested in learning more about permafrost and climate change? Sign up to field test an online interactive professional development course for secondary teachers. The project is funded by NASA and created by the UAF Geophysical Institute. Classroom resources include interactive online activities and science lessons aligned to state and national standards. Learn how to use NASA resources, Google Earth, and ImageJ to study Alaska’s climate and permafrost. Field testing begins in mid October 2010. Stipends will be provided. Teacher input required. Hurry, space is limited. Contact: Sam Norlin (907) 474-5318 / > are interested in participating in this unique opportunity. See > to learn more about the program.

GLOBE Climate Project

November 3, 2010 by  
Filed under NASA

GLOBE SCRC Piloting Tools

Latest work from the GPO:

Extended! The GLOBE Climate and Land Cover event continues through the end of October! NOAA Scientists are looking to view land cover photos from all GLOBE schools to help validate climate models. More information on joining the event is available at:

GLOBE Climate Connection:

Are you entering atmosphere/climate data? Climate, by definition, is average weather. It is critical that GLOBE schools continue to collect and enter weather data to the GLOBE data base. Together we will build a long-term data base that will help students and scientists from around the world study climate. Please email if you have trouble entering atmosphere/climate data or any other GLOBE data so we can help identify any barriers to participating in the Climate Campaign.

Climate Science Connection:

Teacher and student resource for understanding climate: Weather and Climate Basics is an online tutorial to the fundamentals of climate. The tutorial was developed by education experts in consultation with climate scientists from the National Center for Atmospheric Resources.

We welcome your feedback and input on the GLOBE SCRC. Please email with ideas or questions.

Thank you!

Dr. Donna Charlevoix and the GLOBE Program Science and Education Team